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Pathology of Cerebral Ischemia

cerebral ischemia

Cerebral ischemia, also called brain ischemia, occurs when the blood supply to the brain is unable to meet the required …

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Sugar Sets

TSI agar

Sugar set comprises of certain biochemical tests which are used in the identification of enterobacteriaceae. Composition Carbohydrates comprising standard sugar …

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Ovas, Cysts and Eggs of Common Parasites

Trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica

To examine the ovas, cysts or eggs of parasites, take a drop of stool. Mix it with normal saline on …

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Parasitology -Important Terms

Taenia solium

A parasite is a micro-organism which is entirely dependent for all or part of its life cycle and metabolic requirements …

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Pathology of Leishmaniasis

Leishmania donovani in bone marrow

Leishmaniasis is a group of diseases caused by Leishmania species, which are obligate intracellular parasites, belonging to phylum protozoa. Classification …

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Pregnancy Test

pregnancy test

Elevated levels of hCG in maternal serum and urine are both reliable indicators of pregnancy, which are used in pregnancy …

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Introduction to Pathology


Pathology is the “scientific study of disease”. It is the “scientific study of the molecular, cellular, tissue, or organ system …

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Terms Used in Connection with Fertility

US Birth Rates -child bloom years in red

Fertility refers to the number of live births women have.  Terms used in connection with fertility include the following: Fecundity: …

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Age and Sex Composition -the Population Pyramid

Population Pyramid of Angola 2005

Age and sex composition may be described in terms of: 1. Median Age The median age is the age at …

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Demography -Introduction and Tools

Time to increment world population

The word demography has originated from two Greek words ‘Demos’ and ‘Graphos’. Demography is the scientific study of human populations, …

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