Home » Pharmacology » Dobutamine

Dobutamine

Receptor selectivity β1>β2>>>>α

Dobutamine has a greater affinity for beta 1 receptors. It produces greater ionotropic effect than chronotropic effect. This is useful as increase in oxygen consumption occurs to a lesser extent. Because dobutamine acts more on beta 1 receptors, therefore, vasodilatation does not occur which may possibly be the reason for greater ionotropic and lesser chronotropic effect. (vasodilatation causes decreased TPR which increases heart rate).

Pharmacokinetics

As it is a catecholamine, it cannot be given orally. It is always used I/V in cardiac surgeries and MI to control heart failure. It has a short half life of about 2 minutes. It has more ionotropic effect than chronotropic effect.

Therapeutic Uses

  1. Given in congestive cardiac failure as a supportive measure
  2. Cardiogenic shock as a supportive measure
  3. Cardiac surgery –e.g. coronary artery bypass grafting, sometimes when the heart is restarted it does not functions fully so given
  4. Stress Echocardiography

Echocardiography is done to visualize the functions of valves, ventricles and walls. Pharmacological stress may be given in ischemic heart disease, that portion moves less.

Adverse Effects

Adverse effects include tachycardia, arrhythmias and angina.

Continue Reading

Sympathomimetics -Introduction

Drug Treatment of Cardiac Failure

Adrenaline

Noradrenaline

Isoprenaline

Dopamine

Ephedrine

Amphetamines

Phenyl Ephrine

Salbutamol/Terbutaline

 

Check Also

oral drugs

Alkylating Agents

Alkylating agents are the broad spectrum agennts. Chemistry Different reactive moiety: Bis (chloroethyl) amine / …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *