Popliteal artery is deeply placed and enters the popliteal fossa through the opening in the adductor magnus. It is a continuation of femoral artery and ends at the level of lower border of popliteus, by dividing into two terminal branches, the anterior tibial and posterior tibial arteries.
Grey’s Anatomy 20th edition
Popliteal artery is related anteriorly to popliteal surface of femur, the knee joint and the popliteus muscle.
Posteriorly it is related to the popliteal vein, the tibial nerve, fascia and skin.
1. Muscular branches
2. Articular branhes to the knee