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Atrophy of testes

Atrophy may be defined as the shrinkage in size of cell by loss of cell substance, resulting in decreased functional …

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Hyperplasia constitutes an increase in number of cells in an organ or tissue which may then have increased volume. It …

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Caseous Necrosis

Necrosis It is a spectrum of morphological changes that follow cell death in living tissues, resulting from progressive degradative action …

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Coagulative Necrosis

Coagulative necrosis is the most common pattern of necrosis characterized by denaturation of cytoplasmic proteins, cellular swelling and breakdown of …

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Fatty Change

Fatty change is the abnormal accumulation of triglycerides within parenchymal cells. It is most commonly seen in liver, which is …

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Hydropic Change

Hydropic change or cellular swelling or vacuolar degeneration is one of the factors of reversible cell injury, which can be …

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Differences Between Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis

S/N Crohn’s Disease Ulcerative Colitis 1 Involvement of Wall Transmural Confined to mucosa and submucosa 2 Thickness of Wall Thick …

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Laboratory Diagnosis of Cancer

Tumor Diagnosis 1. Imaging: X-ray Ultrasound CT scan MRI 2. Tumor markers (may be specific for specific tumors) Receptors Hormones …

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Invasion and Metastasis -Mechanism and Pathway

Epithelial and mesenchymal cancer cells have to invade: Basement membrane Capsule (if present) Penetrate surrounding stroma resulting in local invasion …

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Characteristics of Benign and Malignant Tumors

Differentiation Definition The extent to which tumor cells resemble the cell of origin. Resemblance to parent cells or cells of …

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